Clindamycin

Common Brands Cleocin
Drug Class
Lincosamide antibiotic
Controlled Substance Classification
Not a controlled medication
Generic Status
Lower-cost generic available
Availability
Prescription only
Daisy Chau, PharmD
Daisy Chau, PharmD
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Medically reviewed by Daisy Chau, PharmD last update on 20/12/2023

Overview

Clindamycin is an antibiotic used to treat various bacterial infections. It is particularly effective against certain types of bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and anaerobic bacteria, which are common culprits in skin infections, respiratory infections, and intra-abdominal infections. Clindamycin is also used to treat severe infections when penicillin cannot be used.

Types of Clindamycin Formulations

Clindamycin is available in various forms, each tailored to treat different kinds of infections:

  • Oral Capsules: Used for systemic treatment of infections throughout the body.
  • Topical Solutions, Gels, and Lotions: Applied directly to the skin to treat acne and other skin infections.
  • Injectable Form: Administered in a hospital setting for severe infections.

Historical Context and Development

Clindamycin was first discovered in the 1960s as a derivative of lincomycin, another antibiotic. Over the years, it has been developed and modified for increased efficacy and reduced side effects. The development of Clindamycin marked a significant advancement in the treatment of anaerobic infections and introduced a potent option for patients allergic to penicillins.

DRUG STATUS

Availability

Prescription only

Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy